Orthopedic Surgery

What Happens in an Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injury?

Ulnar collateral ligament injuryAn ulnar collateral ligament injury is an injury to the elbow ligament. It happens due to overuse of one of the ligaments on the inner side of the elbow and can result in tearing the ligament.
The injury is very common in contact sports where athletes have to repetitively stretch their arms or where elbow dislocation occurs. The injury is caused by a force that exceeds the strength of the ligament with activities like throwing or overhead sports being very likely triggers.

Possible complications and treatment

Injuries of this type hold the potential to damage other structures of the elbow and cause elbow stiffness.
In most cases, where the injury is not too serious, ice and pain medications can be used to treat the swelling and discomfort. Ice helps target swelling while medications stop the pain temporarily. Where pain persists, the individual may also get a brace or cast to seek relief.

What is Tommy John surgery?

The surgical treatment for correcting an ulnar collateral ligament injury is called the Tommy John surgery. The procedure derives its name from a surgery performed on the MLB pitcher and LA Dodgers Tommy John for a tendon transplant.
The procedure works by replacing the torn ligament with a graft tendon taken from the hamstring, forearm, knee or foot of the individual. However, the surgery is only recommended for those patients who do not find relief from non-surgical methods.
Athletes who need to engage in grueling overhead throwing activities and whose careers depend on performance are ideal candidates for this procedure.
The surgery involves implanting the graft to the injury site by drilling tunnels in both the forearm and upper arm bones once the elbow is opened up.
Flexor muscles in the area are also opened up where the graft is woven and the reconstruction is performed. Any remaining portion of the original ligament is then attached to the reconstructed ligament.
While it might seem like a lot of work, the surgical procedure takes between an hour and an hour and a half to perform. Most patients are required to stay overnight in the hospital and are discharged the next day.

Post-operative care

Post-operative care after this procedure involves keeping the incision dry and clean and not showering for 3 days. The patient also needs to give the elbow a rest for a week with no driving for a minimum of six weeks. Other remedial steps include resting the elbow on a pillow when seated and keep it elevated to minimize swelling.
Most patients will recover from surgery in 6 to 8 weeks with motion achieved in this time without pain.

Rehabilitation

Rehabilitation consists of gentle exercises such as squeezing a softball while avoiding moving the elbow. With improvement, the patient can advance to an active motion from passive motion.
Once comfortable, the patient can move to engaging the elbow more by working with a fuller range of motion. Care needs to be taken not to cause direct stress to the elbow during recovery.
It usually takes 12 months for returning to normal sports.

How Does a Knee Get Replaced?

How do they Replace a Knee?

Knee replacement surgery is performed due to chronic knee pain and loss of mobility. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in 2010 alone, almost 700,000 total knee replacements were performed on adults age 45 years and older. Total knee replacement (TKR) has nearly doubled in prevalence over the last couple of decades, especially for women (a 99% increase).

Steps in a Total Knee ReplacementKnee pain 3

Step 1: Administering anesthesia – Knee replacement surgery is usually performed with you under general anesthesia. The doctor will discuss this with you before the surgery. You will be given medications through an intravenous (IV) catheter, and an intubation tube will be placed in your airway.

Step 2: Prepping the knee – After all excessive hair over the knee is clipped or shaved, the skin over the knee is cleaned with an antiseptic solution.

Step 3: Making incision – The orthopedic surgeon will make a 4- to 6-inch incision in the knee area.

Step 4: Removing damaged surfaces – The damaged knee joint and surface will be removed. This involves specialized instruments used to remove cartilage and bone pieces from the joint.

Step 5: Insert prostheses – The artificial components are made of plastic and metal. Most artificial knee components are cemented into the joint. The prosthesis attaches to the bone using a special cement. The components include a tibial component (resurface top of tibia or shin bone), a femoral component (resurfaces end of femur or thighbone), and a patella component (resurfaces the patella or kneecap).

Step 6: Checking motion and implants – After the implants are in place, the surgeon checks range of motion and prostheses stability.

Step 7: Closing incision – The incision is closed using surgical staples or sutures. Depending on the situation, a tiny catheter with drain may be placed in the incision to remove fluid. A sterile, dry bandage dressing is applied over the knee.

How Long does a Total Knee Replacement Last?

A common reply to this question is that a total joint replacement typically lasts 15-20 years. Most current data suggest that both knee and hip replacements have an annual failure rate of around 0.5%. This means that if you have a total knee replacement today, you have a 95% chance of it lasting 10 years, and an 85% chance that it will last 20 years.

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Types of Implants

The orthopedic implant industry has continued to develop innovative technologies to improve the outcomes of total knee replacement. However, many studies show that there is no clear advantage of any of these designs in relation to improving clinical outcomes. Some designs are:

  • Gender specific – This refers to a modified implant design that accounts for the anatomic difference between women’s and men’s knees. Most companies have some modifications in these designs to allows for sizing options so the prosthesis will fit accurately in relation to the patient’s anatomy.
  • Rotating platform – This refers to a plastic component that independently rotates on a metal tray. The plastic bearing will lock into the tray, and was designed to reduce wear on the bearing. In addition, this device can reduce the rate of loosening of metal components and better replicate the normal knee function and movement.
  • Computer technology – There are studies that have evaluated the emerging technologies in knee replacement surgery along with the success of the procedure using computer technology. Computer, robot, and custom cutting guides are used for accuracy in implant placement, as well as a more efficient surgery.

Resources

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2015). Hospitalization for Total Knee Replacement Among Inpatients Aged 45 and Over: United States, 2000–2010. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databries/db210.htm

Basics of Hip Joint Replacement

Hip joint replacement, also called total hip arthroplasty, is a procedure used to replace a damaged or worn hip joint with artificial components (prostheses). This surgery is often performed following a hip fracture or for patients with severe and advanced arthritis.

What types of arthritis affect the hip joint?hip arthritis picture

Three main types of arthritis affect the hip joints. These include:

  • Osteoarthritis – Degenerative joint disease, or OA, affects older individuals. This type of arthritis may cause joint cartilage break down.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis – Severe, deforming type of arthritis that causes synovial lining inflammation and excessive synovial fluid.
  • Traumatic arthritis – This results from an injury or trauma, and it causes cartilage damage.

Will I have a big scar after the surgery?

The traditional approach to hip replacement involves a 6 to10 inch incision over the hip joint. Newer approaches, such as minimally invasive and the anterior approach, involve two smaller incisions. The doctor will tell you which approach is best for you.

How do I prepare for hip replacement surgery?

When you meet with the surgeon, he will discuss the procedure and review the risks and benefits. Because bleeding is a risk, you must hold all blood-thinners for a few days before the surgery. The doctor takes a detailed medical history, inquires about allergies, goes over your medications, and conducts a physical examination. If not available, routine hip x-rays are done. Because this is a major surgery, you will have some preliminary tests (urinalysis, bloodwork, and EKG).

canstockphoto38482995What happens the day of the surgery?

You must arrange to have someone drive you home from the hospital and help you for a few days. Because anesthesia is given, you must fast for 8 hours before the procedure. After you change into a gown, a nurse places an IV catheter in your arm to administer medications. You will be given a mild sedative before going to the surgical room.

What happens during hip replacement surgery?

When you are asleep from anesthesia, the medical workers will clean your hip region using an antiseptic. The surgeon makes incisions and uses special instruments to remove the diseased and damaged hip bones. The prosthesis is inserted into the thigh bone, and the cup is placed into the hip joint socket. After all changes are made, the incisions are closed using sutures. The doctor will place a small drain and bandage over the surgical site.

What happens after my hip surgery?

After your operation, you are taken to the recovery room. A nurse monitors your pulse, breathing, and blood pressure, and once you are alert, you are taken to the hospital room. A nurse helps you to bed and administers pain medication as necessary. The physical therapist will meet with you and discuss your exercise rehabilitation plan. Some patients are moved to a rehabilitation center for recovery, whereas others will go home.

What modifications will I need at home?

After your hip replacement surgery, you will need certain modifications. The physical therapist will do a home visit before you have surgery to ensure you have the right modifications. These include:

  • Safety handrails in the bath/shower
  • Proper handrails along the stairs
  • Raised toilet seat
  • Shower chair
  • Stable chair with firm back and knee rest
  • Sock aid
  • Dressing stick
  • Long-handled sponge
  • Shower hose
  • Reaching stick
  • Firm pillows
  • Removal of all loose carpets and cords

Orthopedic and Sports Performance Institute offers top hip replacement doctors in Gilbert AZ. Most insurance is accepted, call us today!

Recovery after Anterior Approach Total Hip Replacement

Anterior hip replacement is a less invasive approach to hip joint surgery. With the anterior approach to total hip replacement, the orthopedic  surgeon in Gilbert AZ accesses the joint from the anterior (front) of the hip as opposed to the lateral (side) or posterior (back). The anterior approach allows the Arizona hip surgeon to make repairs and replacements without detaching tendons, muscles, or soft tissue.

Small Incision

The anterior approach to hip replacement was first described in the 1940s. This approach is gaining in popularity, and advocates for anterior approach total hip replacement consider its advantages to be earlier restoration of walking, low dislocation rates, and muscle-sparing ability. The ModularEndoprosthesisprocedure begins with the patient lying on his/her back. The surgical incision is slightly lateral to the front superior iliac spine of the pelvis. The 4- to 5-inch incision runs toward the lateral aspect of the ipsilateral knee. After moving soft tissue and muscle, replacement is made.

Because the anterior total hip replacement surgery uses a small incision, and muscles are moved rather than cut, the result is less trauma and damage to the hip soft tissues. Recovery time is usually faster with the anterior approach than traditional surgery, and patients report less post-operative pain. After only 2-3 weeks, patients begin walking without assistance, which is compared to 5-6 weeks with posterior hip replacement surgery.

Length of Hospital Stay

After the minimally invasive hip replacement, you will stay 1-4 days in the hospital. You may stay longer if you have serious health conditions, severe hip arthritis, and complications during the procedure. The length of stay varies from patient-to-patient, but the anterior approach to hip replacement is usually related to a shorter length of hospital stay than the posterior or lateral approaches.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy begins the day of surgery. To strengthen the hip joint, you must do small exercises, such as contracting buttock and leg muscles and ankle pumps. The therapist works with you to learn exercises that help regain full hip movement. You will work with the therapist two times each day. Once you return home, the physical therapist will see you 3-4 times each week.

 

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Home Recovery

After you leave the hospital, you should have family or friends stay with you for a few days. You will need help with errands and household activities. In addition, you cannot drive for 2-4 weeks, so you will need transportation home from the hospital, to follow-up appointments, and to the pharmacy. It is also important to stock up on easy to prepare foods, such as frozen, canned, and premade meals.

Incision Care

Your anterior incision will be closed with staples or sutures, which are removed around 10-14 days after surgery. The surgical site will be numb, sore, bruised, and/or swollen for a few days. You may experience itching or pulling of the incision site as well. We recommend using an icepack for 10-20 minutes several times a day to relieve discomfort. In addition, avoid using any lotions or creams on the hip area. To keep the incision clean and dry, avoid showering until your wounds are healed. You can bathe, however.

Physical Activity

Being physically active is an important aspect for recovery. Within 2-4 weeks, you will be able to resume your daily routine and normal activities. During the first week, you will start walking with a walker and advance to using a cane. To avoid falls and injuries, you should only walk in areas where there are handrails, no loose rugs, and no cords. You may begin driving after 2-3 weeks, depending on how you progress.

 

OSPI offers the top hip specialists in Arizona, specifically the East Valley. Hip replacements done by the anterior approach need an expert to be done well. Call OSPI today, most insurance is accepted!

How does Surgical Approach to Hip Replacement affect Recovery?

Anterior hip replacement is an approach to surgery used to improved patient outcomes. Thousands of hip replacement surgeries are performed each year, but only 20% of surgeries in the United States are done using the anterior approach. The other 80% of surgeries are performed using the posterior or lateral approach.

Advantages of the Anterior Hip Replacement

Supporters of the anterior hip replacement approach believe it offers the following canstockphoto10503438advantages:

  • Less damage to major muscles – The orthopedic surgeon avoids cutting and manipulating major muscles during the anterior hip replacement. The surgeon works between the front muscles rather than severing muscle fibers or detaching muscle from bone.

 

  • Less post-operative pain – Because anterior approach does not require manipulation and cutting of muscles, the patient has less post-surgical pain and requires less medication.

 

  • Faster recovery – After surgery, the patient can bend at the hip and bear weight sooner. Most anterior hip replacement patients use walker or crutches soon after surgery. In a recent study researchers found that anterior hip patients walked unaided 6 days earlier than those who had the posterior surgery.

 

  • Decreased risk for dislocation – With the anterior surgery, the hip is not at risk for dislocation because soft tissue structures are not moved.

 

  • Improved range of motion – Patients can bend over, sit with legs crossed, and perform other movements without risking hip dislocation.

 

  • Shorter hospital stay – A patient who undergoes anterior surgery will not stay in the hospital as long as with the traditional approach.

 

Advantages of the Posterior-Lateral Hip Replacement

In a recent study comparing posterior and anterior approaches to hip replacement, researchers found that both groups had improvements in pain and range of motion, with no observable differences in gait or dislocation. Advantages to the posterior approach can include:

 

  • Less technically demanding – The posterior approach to hip replacement is easier to canstockphoto24182699perform. Anterior approach requires considerable training, skill, and experience by the orthopedic surgeon.

 

  • Simpler and easier – Many Gilbert orthopedic surgeons believe the posterior approach is the simplest and easiest, therefore providing the greatest safety margin for patients.

 

  • Minimal risk of femoral fracture or implant problems – Due to ease of this surgery, there is less risk to the patient for femoral fracture or poor positioning of the prosthetic component.

 

  • No special surgical equipment required – This procedure does not require the use of high-tech, specialized surgical equipment.

 

Disadvantages of the Anterior Hip Replacement

There are a few limitations associated with anterior hip replacement. These include:

  • Not suitable for obese or large patients – Muscular, overweight, or obese people are not good candidates for the anterior procedure.

 

  • More technically demanding – The Arizona orthopedic surgeon must be very experienced in performing the anterior hip replacement. This surgery is known to be quite technically demanding.

 

  • Potential for nerve damage – The lateral cutaneous femoral nerve runs down the front of the pelvis and past the hip to supply the thigh. There is more potential for damage to this nerve with the anterior approach.

 

  • Delayed wound healing – Some studies show that wound healing is delayed using the anterior approach, with 1.4% of patients having a wound complication compared to 0.2% with the posterior approach.

 

Disadvantages of the Posterior-Lateral Hip Replacement

  • Higher post-operative dislocation rates – Some studies show higher rates of dislocation with the posterior approach. However, with improved technology, these rates have declined.
  • Longer recovery – The posterior approach to hip replacement is associated with longer hospital stays and recovery. However, with full participation in physical therapy and rehabilitation, the recovery time has shortened.

OSPI offers state of the art approaches for hip replacement which minimize hospital stay and complications, while improving outcomes. Most insurance is accepted by the Gilbert and Mesa orthopedic surgeons, call today!

Resources

Kennon RE, Keggi JM, et al. (2013). Total hip arthroplasty through a minimally invasive anterior surgical approach. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 85-A:39-48.

Petis S, Howard JL, Lanting BL, & Vasarhelyi EM (2015). Surgical approach in primary total hip arthroplasty: anatomy, technique and clinical outcomes. Can J Surg, 58(2), 128-139.

Post, ZD, Orozco F, Diaz-Ledezma C, Hozack WJ, & Ong A (2014). Direct anterior approach for total hip arthroplasty: indications, technique, and results. Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 22:595-603.

Taunton MJ, Mason JB, Odum SM, & Springer BD (2014). Direct Anterior Total Hip Arthroplasty Yields More Rapid Voluntary Cessation of All Walking Aids: A Prospective, Randomized Clinical Trial. J Arthroplasty. pii: S0883-5403(14)00340-4. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2014.03.051.

 

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Recovery after Total Knee Replacement in Arizona

canstockphoto10845760

Each year, thousands of people undergo total knee replacement (TKR) surgery. This procedure is done to replace damaged portions of the knee, including cartilage and bone ends. The most important part of surgery is the recovery.

Hospital Recovery

  • Bandages/drains – The knee will have a bulky elastic bandage dressing on it. Depending on the situation, some patients have a small drain inserted at the surgical site to remove excess blood and fluid that accumulates. The bandage is removed 1-2 days after surgery, and the drain is usually removed within 3 days of surgery.

 

  • Incisions – The incisions must be kept clean and dry. Sutures or staples are removed in 7-14 days.

 

  • Continuous passive motion (CPM) – A CPM machine is used to move the knee in physical therapy1regular motion. This helps the knee regain flexion.

 

  • Activities – Nurses will help you get out of bed and back in bed while in the hospital. You are encouraged to walk to the bathroom using a walker, crutches, or cane.

 

  • Deep breathing – After surgery, you must perform deep breathing exercises to rid your airway and lungs of mucus. This involves taking several deep breaths every hour.

 

  • Physical therapy – The physical therapist works with you to improve range of motion and strengthen muscles. The therapist assists with sitting at bedside, transferring in and out of bed safely, climbing stairs, walking with a cane or walker, and performing exercises without the CPM.

 

  • Pain management – The nurses will administer pain medicine to keep you comfortable.

 

Home Recovery

  • Preparation – Before going home, you need to arrange for a ride home, and have someone available to help you for a few days. It is a good idea to have plenty of gauze and tape ready, as well as pre-made meals, ice, and water. You will need to have a recliner or an ottoman so you can elevate your leg. In addition, you should remove all loose cords and rugs from walkways.

 

  • Physical therapy – The therapist continues to work with you after you go home. As the days progress, you will increase your frequency and distance of walking. Most patients are on a straight cane within 3-5 days of surgery.

 

  • Pain management – To control pain, take prescribed medications before pain gets too severe. In addition, avoid any alcoholic beverages while you are taking these medicines. We recommend taking pain medicine at least 45 minutes before physical therapy sessions, so the medicine will take effect.

 

Dos and Don’ts after Knee Replacement Surgery

 

  • Do position the knee comfortably as you perform daily activities.
  • Do use an ice pack if swelling occurs.
  • Do walk and perform range of motion exercises each day.
  • Do elevate the leg often to reduce swelling.
  • Don’t twist the knee.
  • Don’t jump or put any sudden stress on the knee.
  • Don’t put a pillow under the knee.

 

Fast-Track Recovery Protocol

 

During the last decade, many medical facilities have implemented fast-track protocols for total knee replacement. A fast-track protocol will reduce the length of hospital stay.

 

In a recent study involving fast-track recovery, researchers evaluated patients during the first 6 weeks after total knee replacement. They found that 28 of the 30 study participants were satisfied with a short hospital stay. It was determined that quality of life at 6 weeks discharge was the same for fast-track patients as those who stayed longer at the hospital.

OSPI in Gilbert AZ offers top knee replacement surgeons providing rapid recovery procedures. Most insurance is accepted, call today!

Resources

Van Egmond JC, Verburg H, & Mathissen, NMC (2015). The first 6 weeks of recovery after total knee arthroplasty with fast track. Acta Orthop, 86(6), 708-713.

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Overview of Partial Hip Replacement

Partial Hip Replacement in Gilbert AZ

 

With a partial hip replacement, also called a hemiarthroplasty, only the patients femoral head (top of thigh bone) is replaced. The prosthetic component will rotate in the natural hip socket. This procedure is used for patients who do not need replacement of the joint ModularEndoprosthesissocket (acetabulum).

How is the partial hip replacement different from total hip replacement?

The partial hip replacement surgery is less invasive than total hip replacement. With the partial procedure, only the ball of the femur must be replaced, and the joint socket is left alone. This surgery is used for patients who require replacement of the femoral head.

What are the reasons for a partial hip replacement?

Breaking or fracturing a hip can lead to breaks through the femur, which often displaces the femoral head. When the fracture occurs within the hip joint, it is called a femoral neck fracture. The upper portion of the femur is surrounded by muscle, and it has better blood supply than the neck. The partial hip replacement is used to repair damage that occurs after these injuries. A fracture of the femoral head or neck can lead to significant pain and loss of normal function.

Usually, patients who are good candidates for a partial hip replacement are those who have no significant underlying arthritis and people with healthy cartilage. A partial hip replacement is seldom used for patients with serious hip damage. Another use of a partial hip procedure is to repair damage in patients who already have a total hip replacement.

Can elderly people have this procedure?

uncemented-bipolarIntracapsular fractures of the femur account for the majority of fractures in older patients. The goal of surgery is to return the patient to his/her pre-fracture functional state. Partial hip replacement was studied in older people in a recent clinical study. Researchers found that all study participants returned to their pre-fracture level of activity after the procedure. In addition, they found that hemiarthropasty was a viable option for people age 70 years and older.

How do I prepare for surgery?

Before hip surgery, you need to arrange someone to drive you home from the hospital, and have someone ready to stay with you for a few days. You will need to prepare your home for discharge. Some things to do include:

  • Remove all loose cords and rugs from walking areas.
  • Secure safety handrails in bath/shower and along stairways.
  • Have pre-made meals and drinks available.
  • Have a firm recliner chair or chair with ottoman.
  • Purchase a raised toilet seat.

What can I expect during recovery?

After a partial hip replacement, a nurse monitors you in the recovery room for 45-75 minutes. Once you are stable and awake, you will be moved to a room or discharged home. Discharge depends on your unique situation, your health status, and the surgeon’s preference. You may need to stay in the hospital for 1-2 nights. You will begin passive range of motion exercises with the help of a physical therapist, and nurses administer pain medications to ease postoperative pain.

Once you are home, you must keep the incisions clean and dry, and avoid soaking in a tub or pool until wounds are healed. Expect to use a walker or crutches for a few days. Physical therapy is used to improve hip strength, flexibility, and range of motion. The Mesa orthopedic surgeon encourages frequent movement to prevent blood clots and improve recovery.

The top orthopedic surgeons in Arizona are at OSPI, serving Mesa, Gilbert, Chandler, Tempe, Queen Creek and surrounding areas. Call today!

Resources

Marya SKS, Thurkral R, & Singh C (2008). Prosthetic replacement in femoral neck fracture in the elderly: Results and review of the literature. Ind J Orthop, 42(1), 61-67.

3 Things to Consider If You Are Looking For an Orthopedic Surgeon

The decision to consult an orthopedic surgeon may have come after tumultuous days of pain and anxiety. It is likely that your primary care physician has recommended that you see an orthopedic surgeon. The question now is how to find the best orthopedic surgeon who is right for you.

Here are a few important things to keep in mind when deciding which orthopedic surgeon to choose.

CREDENTIALS

Credentials tell you that the doctor you are considering has the necessary training, skills and experience to provide orthopedic care. The orthopedic surgeon should be Board certified from the American Board of Orthopedic Surgery and Fellowship trained.

EXPERIENCE

It is important that the doctor has experience treating orthopedic problems. Research online about how much experience the doctor has with your condition.

CONDITIONS TREATED & TREATMENTS OFFERED

Your surgeon should be able to offer you treatment for various conditions. For instance, some of the highly experienced orthopedic surgeons at OSPI Arizona, offer minimally invasive general, sports and hand surgeries. Services offered include:

  • Ankle, knee, hip, or shoulder joint replacement
  • Arthroscopic surgery for the knee, ankle, shoulder, or elbow
  • Surgical fracture related procedures
  • Treatment of sports injuries
  • Endoscopic carpel tunnel release surgery
  • Anterior approach hip replacement procedures
  • Joint restoration surgery

When pain patients consult an orthopedic surgeon, it is likely that they have come to a point where surgery feels like the only choice. They have to deal with pain, reduced function, fatigue and anxiety. Your surgeon will consider a variety of factors before deciding to advise surgery to restore your orthopedic health and improve your quality of life.

Contact OSPI Arizona to consult an orthopedic surgeon at 480-899-433.

4 Important Factors to Consider Before You Choose an Orthopedic Surgeon

Before going for a major surgical procedure, it is a patient’s right to ascertain whether the surgeon is right for them. Before you choose an orthopedic surgeon, you can ask questions regarding the surgeon’s training and experience with orthopedic surgery in general and the surgery you are considering specifically.

Here are the important things you could keep in mind.

Is the orthopedic surgeon Board certified?

It is important that your surgeon is Board Certified and Fellowship trained. They would also be member of specific associations in their area of work. For instance, one of the leading orthopedic surgeons at OSPI, Arizona is Board Certified from the American Board of Orthopedic Surgery and Fellowship Trained from the Arthroscopic Surgery and Sports Medicine.

Is the orthopedic surgeon experienced?

Practice makes perfect and that is true for surgery too. Find out if the doctor is experienced enough in the particular procedure you are about to undergo.

Are there other surgeons at the clinic or hospital you are considering?

You could ask other doctors at the clinic for an opinion, if you so want. Will your surgeon recommend someone for another opinion?

Can you know about other patients’ experience that underwent the same surgery as yours?

Many surgeons offer patient stories and testimonials online. Find out the success rates of your specific treatment and discuss that with your surgeon.

To know more about the orthopedic surgeons and treatments offered at OSPI, Arizona, call us at 480-899-4333.

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