Overview of Cartilage Repair from an Arizona Orthopedic Surgeon

Whether you’re a beloved grandparent or an elite athlete, joint damage affects a large portion of the population. Approximately twelve million individuals visit their doctors, annually, due to some sort of joint pain and or knee discomfort. While each case varies, most knee pains can be attributed to the degradation of the bones articular cartilage.

Articular cartilage consists of a smooth white tissue that envelops the ends of bones where theyKnee pain meet to form a joint. By acting as an impact-cushion, when healthy, this firm rubbery substance supports normal movement within a joint by lubricating the bone segments and assisting in its natural gliding movement.

Whenever articular cartilage begins to deteriorate and or becomes damaged, patients begin to experience limited movement within their knee joint coupled with extraordinary pain. If a patient experiences these symptoms they should schedule a visit with their orthopedic specialist as these symptoms can worsen. Due to the cartilages inability to heal itself, if left untreated many simple cases of cartilage degradation can result in more serious conditions, such as osteoarthritis, that consequently results in more serious procedures such as knee replacements.

Cartilage repair procedures exhibit the most success with osteoarthritis-free knees. Typically candidates are individuals who have:

  • Experienced some sort of injury to the area (sports injuries included)
  • Degraded the cartilage due to sustained periods of strain and wear
  • Inherited hereditary deformations that affect the function of the knee joint

The procedure process usually begins with a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) screening that allows the doctor to assess the region, severity, and magnitude of the injury. Once observed, your orthopedic specialist can diagnose the severity of the injury and formulate a regimen of treatment options that will successfully alleviate your condition. The most common forms of cartilage restoration procedures are:


  • Microfractures: This minimally invasive procedure has cemented itself as the standard treatment option for cartilage injuries within the United States. Using an arthroscope, several small incisions are made above the knee joint- giving the surgeon discrete access to the injured area. Once the degraded area is reached, the surgeon uses an awl to drill small, multiple holes in the joint surface and subchondral bone. By using the body’s natural regenerative processes these small holes trigger a minimal amount of bleeding, stimulating cartilage regeneration and the formation of new cartilage tissue.


  • Autologous Chondrocyte Transplantation (ACI): This procedure consists of two-steps in which, first, cartilage cells are removed from one part of the bone, harvested, and then subsequently transferred to the damaged cartilage area. During the first procedure cartilage acicells are removed from a non-weight bearing region of the bone and cultured in a laboratory setting for approximately three to five weeks. Once cultured these cells are then harvested for the second procedure. During the second procedure, the surgeon sews a protective tissue sheath (periosteum) over the affected area and then implants the harvested cells in the damaged region. This procedure proves extremely promising due to its lack of patient induced rejection- as the cells produced to repair the region are from the patient themselves.


  • Osteochondral Autograft Transplantation (OATS): This procedure is a bit more in-depth as it requires moving bone grafts from an independent region of the joint to the afflicted area. During this surgery several cone shaped samples of healthy cartilage are removed from non-weight bearing regions of the knee so that they can be transplanted into the damaged area. These “bone-cones” are used as plugs so that the surgeon can successfully resurface the area and provide a new cover for the once damaged area.

While most of these procedures are highly successful, the patients’ treatment options are dependent on your mesa orthopedic specialist and what they deem to be best fit. Once a patient undergoes one of these forms of cartilage repair the recovery period typically lasts several months.

The operated area must be looked after and patients must use crutches for the first several weeks so that weight-bearing strain does not interfere with the rehabilitation process. Many Gilbert orthopedic doctors may recommend physical therapy to aid in the healing process, but as mentioned before it is dependent upon the premise of each individual’s circumstances.

OSPI is the top orthopedic practice in the East Valley treating patients from Mesa, Gilbert, Chandler, Queen Creek, Casa Grande, Maricopa and surrounding areas. Most insurance is accepted, with the Board Certified orthopedic knee specialists offering all types of cartilage restoration procedures. This also includes stem cell procedures!

Call for the best Arizona knee doctors today at (480) 899-4333!

What Are the Most Common Ankle and Foot Injuries?

What Are the Most Common Ankle and Foot Injuries, and the Surgeries to Make Them Better Again


Out of all the musculoskeletal injuries, the most common injuries among people are related to the foot and ankle. Here, we will look at the 3 most common ankle and foot injuries that require surgery to get better.

What Are Acute Sprains?

Such sprains involve a disruption of the fibers, especially of the lateral ankle ligaments. This usually happens due to a twisting of the foot, where the anterior calcaneofibular and talofibular

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ligaments are affected the most. Immediate swelling that is experienced in the area is largely due to internal bleeding.

Most acute ankle sprains can be handled without any adverse results or need for surgical intervention, by following the simple yet very effective RICE method i.e. rest, ice, compression, and elevation. This therapy should be administered as soon as possible following an acute ankle sprain.

Chronic Ankle Sprain

The ankle sprain that doesn’t heal well can become instable, due to which a surgical procedure is needed. One of the techniques that is used to analyze and evaluate the instability of an ankle i.e. the drawer test; will demonstrate an excessive motion, especially in the anteroposterior direction at the ankle joint.

Surgical Procedure for This Sprain:

The most common surgical procedure that is undertaken in the case of chronic lateral ankle instability or chronic ankle sprain is known as the lateral ankle ligament reconstruction/repair procedure. Stability is brought to the damaged ligaments by tightening them, via a technique Achilles Tendon Tears2called double breasting which means that the layers are overlapped one upon the other.

Achilles Tendon Rupture

The one way to determine whether patients are suffering for acute Achilles tendon rupture is by asking them to lie in a prone position. If there is significant amount of loss in the plantar flexion tone, as compared to both the sides; then patients will need to undergo surgery, but for young patients, the same can be treated or managed with the help of a cast.

The patients that are eligible for this type of operative repair need to meet with the following criteria, i.e. they should be healthy , active, and aspiring to return to sporting events and activities.

Surgical Procedure for This Injury:

A number of surgical techniques can be used when it comes to repairing a torn Achilles tendon. The most common surgical procedures that are used to repair Achilles tendon involve the re-approximating of the torn ends, and sometimes, reinforcing them by another tendon.    

Ankle Fracture

Ankle joints are most commonly affected by bone fractures. The injury occurs when the malleoli around the ankle joint are broken, which results in patients experiencing severe pain and swelling, followed by the inability to put their weight on the injured foot.

Surgical Procedure for This Fracture:

ORIF or open reduction and internal fixation are the surgical procedures that are most frequently used when it comes to repairing ankle fractures. This is where fractured bones are openly operated upon and realigned. Metal plates and/or screws are then used to keep the bones secure and in place, in the correct position.

At OSPI, the orthopedic and pain management doctors offer comprehensive foot and ankle treatments. This includes top notch foot and ankle specialists treating patients from Gilbert, Chandler, Mesa, Queen Creek, Casa Grande, Maricopa and surrounding areas.

Most insurance is accepted at Orthopedic and Sports Performance Institute. CALL US NOW    480-899-4333

An Overview of Ankle Fracture Fixation

The surgical procedure that is done to fix the broken bones of an ankle fracture is known as Open Reduction and Internal Fixation (ORIF). The procedure is carried out with the help of screws, wires, plates and/or pins, which are inserted by the Arizona orthopedic surgeon to keep the bones in place while they heal.

Diagnosis of an ankle fracture is done with the help of the patient’s complete history of the problem, a detailed physical exam, and after carrying out diagnostic ankle%20fracture%201tests such as MRIS, X-rays etc. A CT scan may be also needed if a much more complex fracture is suspected.

Most of these procedures are performed acutely, so you may already be in the hospital. Your procedure may be performed acutely, or it could be that the swelling needs to be allowed to go down first. The last thing you would want is a procedure performed on damaged soft tissues that are swollen and susceptible to infection. It’s also wise to arrange for transport after the completion of the surgery as you won’t be fit to drive your own car.

Discuss the type of anesthesia you will receive during the operation and if there are any options. Also, a form of consent will be provided to you which either you or a family member will have to sign. Be sure to ask your orthopedic surgeon any and all questions regarding the surgery, before signing the form.

What to Expect During the Procedure

This procedure is carried out with the help of screws, wires, plates and/or pins as stated above. First, the fracture specialist will make a small incision on or near the ankle. In the case of defects, bone grafts may be required, which will make the grafting process much stronger.

Ankle_fractureLoose bone fragments will be removed, and the fractured pieces will be put back into place as accurately as possible. If the joint surface has been damaged, the orthopedic surgeon will attempt to accurately put those pieces back together as well to minimize the chance of post-traumatic arthritis. Sutures are then used to close the operation site, but before that, several x-rays are taken to make sure all the bones are in their proper place.

Helpful Guidelines for Home Care

In-home care management after an open reduction and ankle fracture fixation generally requires that patients follow the RICE method to help reduce the swelling and pain. The use of crutches is highly encouraged; ice should be applied on the operated site 3-4 times in a day for 10-20 minutes, and the leg should be elevated at all times so that the fluid inside the joint can resume its normal circulation and swelling is minimized.

To help ease the pain and inflammation that normally follows after this procedure, you will be given pain medication and crutches as well. It may take a few months for the fracture to heal properly. The end result may be a pain free existence, or chronic aches and pains may occur as a result.

The Board Certified orthopedic doctors at OSPI are experts in  fracture care and most insurance is accepted. If you or a loved one is suffering from a suspected fracture, call the top doctors today serving Mesa, Gilbert, Chandler and Mesa AZ.

The Diagnosis and Treatment of Arthritis in Gilbert and Chandler AZ

Arthritis; Its Treatment and Diagnosis

There are many nonoperative treatment options for arthritis; such as alternative therapies, occupational therapy, and medications. Here is a short list of potential those treatments:

  • Anti-inflammatory Medications
  • Topical Prescription Pain Medication[ File # csp11032144, License # 2179054 ] Licensed through http://www.canstockphoto.com in accordance with the End User License Agreement (http://www.canstockphoto.com/legal.php) (c) Can Stock Photo Inc. / pixologic
  • Bracing
  • Physical Therapy
  • Exercise program such as CrossFit
  • Cane
  • Injections with Hyaluronic Acid, Steroid, PRP Therapy, Stem Cell Therapy
  • TENS Unit

Arthritis Patients Opting For Joint Replacements

As a last resort, an orthopedic surgeon in  Mesa AZ may perform a joint replacement. For the hip and knee, these have been incredibly successful. But they should only be performed as an elective procedure after considerable conservative options have been tried. One of the most common forms of surgery when it comes to arthritis patients is joint replacement surgery, with hip and knee replacements being particularly popular among older patients.

Over 500,000 hip and knee replacements are performed annually in the US and it rises every year. Considered to be far more successful than any other surgery, joint replacements can last up to 20-30 years after which a revision surgery may be required.

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The Procedure

Total hip and knee replacement procedures take approximately two hours, and involve removal of the arthritic joint spaces. In their place, the orthopedic joint replacement doctor will implant a combination of plastic and metal for the new joint surfaces. Modern joint replacement procedures allow patients the ability to start walking the day after surgery with physical therapy assistance. Recovery takes approximately three months in total.


Overall, joint replacements have some of the best outcomes imaginable at 90% good to excellent. It is crucial for patients to participate in their post-surgical physical therapy regimen, as that is “half the battle.”

The Board Certified providers at OSPI offer expert joint replacement procedures for the hip and knee. Some can even be done as an outpatient depending on the patient’s baseline health. Most insurance is accepted at the practice, with physical therapy being offered at the office as well.

For the top hip and knee replacement doctors in Gilbert, Chandler and Mesa AZ, call OSPI today!


Knee Replacement with Orthopedic Surgeons in Arizona

Each and every year, thousands of people suffer from knee pain due to various conditions such as osteoarthritis (wear and tear arthritis), trauma, sports injuries or rheumatoid arthritis. The pain from these conditions leads to decreased function along with stiffness. Individuals who were once very active in recreational activities and sports find it difficult to enjoy participation, which can lead to weight gain and a more sedentary lifestyle.

orthopedic surgery

Knee surgeons in Gilbert, Chandler and Mesa AZ at OSPI offer a full spectrum of treatment from bracing to physical therapy, injections, TENS units and more to help patients achieve relief. As a last resort, knee replacement surgery may be considered.

Knee Surgery – Best and Last Resort to Provide Relief from Serious Pain

Knee replacement surgery consistently ranks among the top worldwide procedures for increasing one’s quality of life. This includes a 90% success rate for both pain relief and allowing patients to begin participating in recreational activities again – whether it’s golf, hiking, tennis and more.

The best knee specialists in Arizona include those who are Board Certified and have performed hundreds of the procedures. OSPI offers several orthopedic surgeons in Gilbert  who are not only experts in knee replacement, but also have incorporated surgical innovations allowing for patients to go home quickly afterwards and with less pain.

The Knee Replacement Procedure

Most knee replacement procedures are accomplished in under two hours, with the surgeon customizing the implant size specifically for the patient’s needs. The implants themselves are made of various metals, which incorporate into your body’s biology and do not present a “rejection” reaction.

After being put under anesthesia, your knee will be sterilized and temporarily have a tourniquet placed to minimize blood loss during the procedure. The arthritic joint is exposed, and then the joint surfaces are removed entirely. The knee surgeon in Gilbert will then place various temporary implants to figure out the right size implants and make sure your range of motion is satisfactory. At that point the final implants are placed using specialized instruments to ensure the most accurate positioning possible.

The orthopedic surgeons at OSPI have performed many knee replacements and are truly experts in the procedure. Call today to find out more about how the practice can help you!

Main Types of Surgery to be Performed by Knee Surgeons Phoenix


Female Triad: What Is It?

canstockphoto8700031In recent years, there has been a steady rise in female participation in the world of sports. While this is taken as good news, but with the increase in participation, increased occurrence of a triad of disorders, particularly in women, has also been observed. This disorder is aptly named as the female triad.

Found to be more common in the athletic population, people who are non-athletic too however, can develop this condition. Interestingly enough, decades were spent observing the syndrome before giving it a formal name. Experts at the American College of Sports Medicine first described the condition at a 1993 meeting.

An association was found out between the condition and symptoms as a result of the observations and that historic meeting, laying down the basis for further study of the female athlete triad syndrome.

What Is the Female Athlete Triad?

In a nutshell, the female athlete triad consists of three primary conditions, which, according to recent studies, are becoming increasingly common, specifically in young and active girls. The medical conditions are;

  1. Menstrual Disturbances
  2. An imbalance in Energy, either with or without an Eating Disorder
  3. A Significant Decrease in Bone Mineral Density, with or without osteoporosis

In the case of an eating disorder, the first thing to look out for is the regular consumption of a low-calorie diet. Another sign that could ring a bell is excessive exercise or an obsession with staying fit.

One other condition that is linked to female athlete triad is amenorrhea, which in turn is linked to lower than normal estrogen levels. This condition is prevalent in teens who are really thin, have an exercise obsession, and may or may not have an eating disorder as well. A contributor to low bone density can also be an unbalanced diet, low in vitamin D and calcium.

How Is Female Athlete Triad Treated?

Female triad is a serious condition and should be treated as such. As an athlete, it’s very important for you to know what are the risks involved in this condition and find ways of minimizing those risks. For example, it’s important to be fully aware of the effects training has on your body and also know the limits which you can push through by.

Consult with a doctor if you notice irregular menstrual cycles, as that could indicate a menstrual disorder which might eventually lead to a lower bone mass. Research done on the subject found out that a young woman who hasn’t had a menstrual period in four years, may quite possibly develop a bone density a woman twice her age.

Prevention is always better than the actual treatment; therefore, be sure to include or increase calcium intake in your diet. If that isn’t possible, consider taking supplements. Keeping your athletic prowess in mind, always try to keep your body weight from dropping too low. This will also help you to develop stronger bones.

In the end, the more carefully you look after your body, the higher accolades you will achieve for your athletic abilities.

OSPI offers the top orthopedic doctors in Gilbert, Chandler and Mesa AZ for comprehensive treatment options. This includes issues that pop up in female athletes including ligament tears, stress fractures and tendonitis. Most of the time, surgery can be avoided and patients can get back safely to elite sporting activities.

Most insurance is accepted at OSPI, call for the top sports orthopedic treatment today in the East Valley!

The Latest Advancements in Knee Replacement for Active Boomers

The majority of patients coming in for knee replacement surgery are in their 50s, according to Steven Haas who is heading the Knee Surgery and Attending Orthopedic Surgeon Department at the Hospital for Special Surgery based in New York City. If these statistics are compared with those of 20 years ago, there has been a rapid shift in demand for knee replacement surgery, especially for people in their 50s.

Why the sudden interest and growth of demand for the surgical procedure? The points responsible for this are new and innovative technologies that are being used now, especially in implant design and far more improved surgical techniques that are being used by orthopedic surgeons to meet with the growing demand for knee replacements. In addition, the growing number of baby boomers reaching older age has increased the numbers in need of the procedure.

The Latest in Knee Replacement Surgery

Only recently, the orthopedic community announced the arrival of the newest advancement for the surgery, i.e. a knee replacement implant that can last the patient as much as 30 years instead of the standard 10-15. Moreover, the implant has also been cleared by the FDA which means that those looking for ways to make their implants last longer, can opt for this.

VERILAST technology is used for making the implant that will make it possible for patients to possibly outgrow the implant, rather than the other way round. In addition to this, the implants are thought to be much more functional than the earlier versions, as is proved by a series of tests that researchers underwent before giving that verdict.

Adoption of Better Surgical Procedures and Techniques

Orthopedic surgeons have also changed their way of performing surgical procedures, by introducing techniques such as minimally invasive surgery, which helps in decreasing trauma to the patient, as much as possible, which in turn leads to a faster recovery.

Another development is the usage of small surgical instruments for performing the procedure, where the goal is to cut as little as possible, which will minimize the collateral damage and trauma that came with previous surgical procedures that were extremely invasive in nature.

Better Recovery Rate Due To Minimal Invasive Surgical Procedures

The entire point of such a surgery is not to make the cut big enough to fit the instruments, but rather, to use smaller instruments during the procedure that would best fit the cut made. This is the reason why, smaller incisions are used to get access to the knee area after providing local anesthetic to the patient.

One point in favor of the minimal invasive procedure is that, no need is felt to cut the quadriceps tendon or flip the kneecap upside down in order to gain access to the area, which was required in the case of previous surgical techniques. This has also improved the recovery rate far more significantly and at a much faster rate, than old surgical techniques, so now patients are up and about after only 6 weeks of having the procedure done as compared to 3 months.

OSPI offers expert knee replacement doctors in Gilbert, Chandler and Mesa AZ who specialize in the latest technologies including computer navigation, minimally invasive and even outpatient procedures. Call OSPI today to receive treatment with the top orthopedic doctors in the entire East Valley!

Stem Cell and PRP Therapy- Most Relevant Queries Resolved

Are you facing an orthopedic condition, an injury or something that needs to be treated or operated immediately? It is always better to consult reputed orthopedists before you go for surgery. You are no one to decide that even if you family or relatives tell you that there is no other way to recover. Yes, there is an alternative to surgery when it comes to injuries, tendonitis, and tissue damage or ligamentous problems. It has been developed only recently and it better known as PRP therapy or Platelet Rich Plasma therapy.

What exactly is PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma) therapy?

As we all know (or maybe don’t), the platelets in our blood are responsible for repair and regeneration. Whenever there is an injury of some sort, the platelets are released into the main blood stream and they bring about clotting and start repairing the area of injury. This is the science behind the renowned PRP therapy that involves injecting plasma rich in platelets and stem cells to heal the area of injury. And yes, sometimes it is even better than an extensive surgical procedure.

What are the benefits of PRP therapy?

Generally it is the sportsmen or the athletes who readily benefits from such costly procedures like the PRP and Stem cell therapy. It is because they may not have the time to afford in an extensive surgery. Of course, if their orthopedists suggest that a surgery is must, then they have no means to escape. But otherwise, they can do without surgery by pushing PRP injections and get into form within few days.

What is the main difference between PRP and Stem cells therapy?

If you are thinking that PRP and stem cell therapy are the same, you are a little wrong. Yes, they work together but they are not the same. While PRP is a serum with high concentration of platelets taken from your own blood stream to accelerate the repair and regeneration process, stem cells are more beneficial in terms of repair and growth. If the two of them act together, the patient may recover in lightening speed. Stem Cells therapy is thus considered better and quicker showing higher success rates than taking PRP injections. Hence, most orthopedists recommend the stem cell therapy for patients with minor soft tissue injuries or ligament problems. In this way, they are saved from the hassles of surgery.

Orthopedic surgeon of mesa az

If you are looking for a clinic that authorizes such expensive treatments to be performed in Mesa, you should always look for a reputed orthopedic surgeon. These treatments are comparatively new in the medical world are expensive as well. So, it is advisable to go to the one who possesses all know how information regarding the procedure and its side effects, if any. Yes, it is understandable that you are in big hurry to recover from that injury; otherwise you won’t have considered the option at all. But, still, do some researches on the reputed Arizona based orthopedic surgeons before you finalize anything.

Orthopedic surgeon of mesa az is describing about Stem cell and prp therapy & how it’s treating here in Arizona.Stay update for more Stem Cell and PRP Therapy related articles

All about Partial Shoulder Replacement Surgery

The shoulder essentially comprises of a ball and socket joint, where the round end of one bone fits into the socket at the end of another bone. This is the joint which is responsible for both, arm and shoulder movement.

When it comes to replacing an arthritic or injured shoulder, the rate is highly uncommon as compared to knee or hip replacements. This means that the surgery rate is also very low. However, this doesn’t mean that an injured or arthritic shoulder cannot be treated by surgery.

Partial replacement surgery is generally recommended by Gilbert orthopedic surgeons to patients suffering from pain accompanied by arthritis or a traumatic injury to the shoulder. Exceptional care should therefore, be taken by athletes, because their shoulder joints are subjected to a lot of wear and tear, which over time, can lead to a problem.

That being said, the benefits that can be derived from other joint replacement procedures are the same as that of a shoulder replacement, i.e. restoration of normal joint movement and relief from joint pain.

What Is Included In A Partial Shoulder Replacement Procedure?

This procedure is normally used when the glenoid socket doesn’t need to be replaced because it’s still intact. Instead; in a partial shoulder replacement, the humerus is operated upon, replacing the head and implanting the humeral component.    

This means that, during the procedure, there is no need for a plastic socket, less bone is removed as compared to other surgical procedures, and it requires a smaller incision.

Because every shoulder is unique, the very first step that you should take if experiencing shoulder pain is to consult with an orthopedic surgeon in Chandler and ask for an assessment. Then the surgeon will perform an examination to find out what the condition of your shoulder is. Some common shoulder problems that require surgery are:

  • Instability of the Shoulder
  • Shoulder Tendinitis
  • Fractured Collarbone
  • Full Thickness Rotator Cuff Tear

Orthopedic Evaluation: What to Expect

The evaluation and assessment of the shoulder covers 3 essential components:

A Medical History: Typically about current complaints, the duration of symptoms, pain and limitations faced by the patient, any injuries and past surgical or non-surgical treatments.

A Physical Examination: This is done to assess the tenderness, swelling, range of motion, weakness or strength, instability, and/or deformity of the affected shoulder.

Diagnostic Tests: X-rays of the shoulder are taken in various positions and in a series of movements. An MRI scan can also be helpful in effectively making an assessment of soft tissues in the shoulder. A CT scan is sometimes used to evaluate the various bones within the shoulder.

At the end of the evaluation and assessment, your orthopedic surgeon will review the results and discuss the best treatment options with you, both surgical and non-surgical. If you opt for the surgical option of treatment, the doctor will then inform you regarding all the risks and complications that may occur, during and after surgery.

OSPI offers the top shoulder surgeons in the East Valley including Gilbert, Chandler and Mesa AZ. These shoulder specialists are Board Certified and Fellowship Trained. Call today for help with all your shoulder pain needs!

The Dangerous Connection between Smoking and Orthopedic Surgery

Smoking is bad for the health, we all know that. We also know the specifics, concerning smoking and lung cancer and a myriad of other cancers. In a recent research, doctors added another condition associated with smoking. Let’s take a look at what it is.

Among the many evils associated directly with smoking, it was found out that smoking is also detrimental to the health of bone and connective tissue. In short, the American Academy of

Orthopedic Surgeons has deemed smoking to be the culprit responsible for poor surgery results in even the most common orthopedic procedures.

Smokers Are More Likely To Experience Complications with Common Surgical Procedures

This means that patients who undergo even common orthopedic surgical procedures such as hip smoking-300x199replacement, fracture repairs, etc, won’t benefit as much as non-smoker patients will. According to a study conducted by the AAOS, smoker patients who undergo hip replacement surgery have a much higher surgery revision rate as compared to non-smoker patients.

Orthopedic specialists at the Mount Sinai Hospital reviewed the past record for all hip replacement surgeries that were performed at the hospital between the years 2007 and 2009. According to the findings, 110 were either former or current tobacco users, roughly 55 years of age. This set was compared to another group, but of non-smokers. The results were shocking at best.

Required: Do-over Surgery

It was found out that nearly 8% of patients who smoked were required to undergo a surgery revision, within only 46 months of the original procedure. In stark contrast were the 1% who didn’t require a revision and who were non-smokers.

In fact, 5 of the patients in the group who smoked had to undergo the surgical revision due to the risk of infection, while four revisions were carried out to help address the pain and component loosening of the surgical procedure.    

Moreover, patients undergoing the orthopedic surgical procedure were asked to assess their levels of pain during the entirety of treatment, in a subjective manner. The results were as expected.

As compared to smokers, patients who didn’t smoke experience far less pain, irrespective of age. Another important thing to note is that smokers who quit sometime during the treatment, experienced a significant reduce in pain as compared to those who continued this habit during the treatment.

A Greater Risk of Fracture Complications

It was also found out by the study that the risks associated with smoking were particularly enormous when it comes to fracture repair procedures. A negative effect could be derived from smoking on such procedures as well as a prolonged recovery time was incumbent following the surgery as compared to non- smokers going through the same.

The report, which was based on the data collected from 18 case studies in total, between the years 1993 and 2011, represented nearly 6,480 patients undergoing fracture repair surgery, out of which 1,457 were smokers at the time of their surgery. This shows how much extensive the data collected was, which gives no reason or room for doubt as to the detrimental effects of smoking on the musculoskeletal system. It’s suggested by specialists that, prior to undergoing orthopedic surgery for any condition, patients should go through a smoker’s cessation program, and only then have the surgery.

OSPI is the top orthopedic practice in the East Valley, including treatment for Chandler, Mesa, Gilbert, Queen Creek, Casa Grande and Maricopa. All types of stem cell therapy and operative intervention are offered, including sports procedures and joint replacement.

Most insurance is accepted, simply call (480) 899-4331 today!